Washington State Checklist

Washington State official checklist
Compiled by the WOS Bird Records Committee. Updated October 2018.


Compiled through October 2018

by the Washington Bird Records Committee

The Washington Bird Records Committee considers the natural occurrence of the following birds to be adequately documented by specimens, photographs, sound recordings, and written reports. The Washington State Checklist includes 515 species total, including 500 species fully accredited (supported by specimen, photograph, or recording) and 15 species which are sight-only records (supported only by written documentation). Species supported by sight-only documentation are indicated on the list by (s). Introduced species are indicated by (I). Five species have not been documented in the state during the past 50 years. These species have the year of the most recent record in parentheses.

Review List

Species in italics constitute the Review List (20 or fewer Washington records during the previous 10-year period). Written reports of any observations of these species, or of species not on the list, should be submitted, together with supporting evidence, by email (wbrc@wos.org), or by using the Report Form.

 

  • Fulvous Whistling-Duck (1905)
  • Emperor Goose
  • Snow Goose
  • Ross’s Goose
  • Gr. White-fronted Goose
  • Taiga Bean-Goose
  • Brant
  • Cackling Goose
  • Canada Goose
  • Trumpeter Swan
  • Tundra Swan
  • Whooper Swan
  • Wood Duck
  • Baikal Teal
  • Garganey
  • Blue-winged Teal
  • Cinnamon Teal
  • Northern Shoveler
  • Gadwall
  • Falcated Duck
  • Eurasian Wigeon
  • American Wigeon
  • Mallard
  • Northern Pintail
  • Green-winged Teal
  • Canvasback
  • Redhead
  • Ring-necked Duck
  • Tufted Duck
  • Greater Scaup
  • Lesser Scaup
  • Steller’s Eider
  • King Eider
  • Common Eider
  • Harlequin Duck
  • Surf Scoter
  • White-winged Scoter
  • Black Scoter
  • Long-tailed Duck
  • Bufflehead
  • Common Goldeneye
  • Barrow’s Goldeneye
  • Smew
  • Hooded Merganser
  • Common Merganser
  • Red-breasted Merganser
  • Ruddy Duck
  • Mountain Quail
  • Northern Bobwhite (I)
  • California Quail (I)
  • Chukar (I)
  • Gray Partridge (I)
  • Ring-necked Pheasant (I)
  • Ruffed Grouse
  • Greater Sage-Grouse
  • Spruce Grouse
  • White-tailed Ptarmigan
  • Dusky Grouse
  • Sooty Grouse
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse
  • Wild Turkey (I)
  • Pied-billed Grebe
  • Horned Grebe
  • Red-necked Grebe
  • Eared Grebe
  • Western Grebe
  • Clark’s Grebe
  • Rock Pigeon (I)
  • Band-tailed Pigeon
  • Eurasian Collared-Dove (I)
  • White-winged Dove
  • Mourning Dove
  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo
  • Black-billed Cuckoo
  • Common Nighthawk
  • Common Poorwill
  • Black Swift
  • Vaux’s Swift
  • White-throated Swift
  • Black-chinned Hummingbird
  • Anna’s Hummingbird
  • Costa’s Hummingbird
  • Broad-tailed Hummingbird
  • Rufous Hummingbird
  • Allen’s Hummingbird (1894)
  • Calliope Hummingbird
  • Broad-billed Hummingbird
  • Yellow Rail
  • Virginia Rail
  • Sora
  • Purple Gallinule
  • American Coot
  • Sandhill Crane
  • Black-necked Stilt
  • American Avocet
  • Black Oystercatcher
  • Black-bellied Plover
  • American Golden-Plover
  • Pacific Golden-Plover
  • Lesser Sand-Plover
  • Snowy Plover
  • Wilson’s Plover
  • Common Ringed Plover (s)
  • Semipalmated Plover
  • Piping Plover
  • Killdeer
  • Mountain Plover
  • Eurasian Dotterel
  • Upland Sandpiper
  • Bristle-thighed Curlew
  • Whimbrel
  • Long-billed Curlew
  • Bar-tailed Godwit
  • Hudsonian Godwit
  • Marbled Godwit
  • Ruddy Turnstone
  • Black Turnstone
  • Red Knot
  • Surfbird
  • Ruff
  • Sharp-tailed Sandpiper
  • Stilt Sandpiper
  • Curlew Sandpiper
  • Temminck’s Stint
  • Red-necked Stint
  • Sanderling
  • Dunlin
  • Rock Sandpiper
  • Baird’s Sandpiper
  • Little Stint
  • Least Sandpiper
  • White-rumped Sandpiper
  • Buff-breasted Sandpiper
  • Pectoral Sandpiper
  • Semipalmated Sandpiper
  • Western Sandpiper
  • Short-billed Dowitcher
  • Long-billed Dowitcher
  • Jack Snipe (s)
  • Wilson’s Snipe
  • Spotted Sandpiper
  • Solitary Sandpiper
  • Gray-tailed Tattler
  • Wandering Tattler
  • Lesser Yellowlegs
  • Willet
  • Spotted Redshank (s)
  • Greater Yellowlegs
  • Wood Sandpiper
  • Wilson’s Phalarope
  • Red-necked Phalarope
  • Red Phalarope
  • South Polar Skua
  • Pomarine Jaeger
  • Parasitic Jaeger
  • Long-tailed Jaeger
  • Common Murre
  • Thick-billed Murre
  • Pigeon Guillemot
  • Long-billed Murrelet
  • Marbled Murrelet
  • Kittlitz’s Murrelet
  • Scripps’s Murrelet
  • Guadalupe Murrelet
  • Ancient Murrelet
  • Cassin’s Auklet
  • Parakeet Auklet
  • Least Auklet
  • Rhinoceros Auklet
  • Horned Puffin
  • Tufted Puffin
  • Swallow-tailed Gull
  • Black-legged Kittiwake
  • Red-legged Kittiwake
  • Ivory Gull
  • Sabine’s Gull
  • Bonaparte’s Gull
  • Black-headed Gull
  • Little Gull
  • Ross’s Gull
  • Laughing Gull
  • Franklin’s Gull
  • Black-tailed Gull
  • Heermann’s Gull
  • Mew Gull
  • Ring-billed Gull
  • Western Gull
  • California Gull
  • Herring Gull
  • Iceland Gull
  • Lesser Black-backed Gull
  • Slaty-backed Gull
  • Glaucous-winged Gull
  • Glaucous Gull
  • Great Black-backed Gull
  • Least Tern
  • Caspian Tern
  • Black Tern
  • Common Tern
  • Arctic Tern
  • Forster’s Tern
  • Elegant Tern
  • Red-billed Tropicbird (1941)
  • Red-throated Loon
  • Arctic Loon
  • Pacific Loon
  • Common Loon
  • Yellow-billed Loon
  • White-capped Albatross
  • Laysan Albatross
  • Black-footed Albatross
  • Short-tailed Albatross
  • Wilson’s Storm-Petrel (s)
  • Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel
  • Leach’s Storm-Petrel
  • Ashy Storm-Petrel
  • Northern Fulmar
  • Providence Petrel
  • Murphy’s Petrel
  • Mottled Petrel
  • Hawaiian Petrel
  • Cook’s Petrel
  • Wedge-tailed Shearwater
  • Buller’s Shearwater
  • Short-tailed Shearwater
  • Sooty Shearwater
  • Great Shearwater
  • Pink-footed Shearwater
  • Flesh-footed Shearwater
  • Manx Shearwater
  • Magnificent Frigatebird
  • Blue-footed Booby
  • Brown Booby
  • Brandt’s Cormorant
  • Double-crested Cormorant
  • Pelagic Cormorant
  • American White Pelican
  • Brown Pelican
  • American Bittern
  • Great Blue Heron
  • Great Egret
  • Snowy Egret
  • Little Blue Heron
  • Cattle Egret
  • Green Heron
  • Black-crowned Night-Heron
  • Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
  • White Ibis
  • Glossy Ibis
  • White-faced Ibis
  • Turkey Vulture
  • California Condor (s) (1897)
  • Osprey
  • White-tailed Kite
  • Golden Eagle
  • Northern Harrier
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Cooper’s Hawk
  • Northern Goshawk
  • Bald Eagle
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Broad-winged Hawk
  • Swainson’s Hawk
  • Zone-tailed Hawk
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Rough-legged Hawk
  • Ferruginous Hawk
  • Barn Owl
  • Flammulated Owl
  • Western Screech-Owl
  • Great Horned Owl
  • Snowy Owl
  • Northern Hawk Owl
  • Northern Pygmy-Owl
  • Burrowing Owl
  • Spotted Owl
  • Barred Owl
  • Great Gray Owl
  • Long-eared Owl
  • Short-eared Owl
  • Boreal Owl
  • Northern Saw-whet Owl
  • Belted Kingfisher
  • Lewis’s Woodpecker
  • Acorn Woodpecker
  • Williamson’s Sapsucker
  • Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
  • Red-naped Sapsucker
  • Red-breasted Sapsucker
  • Am. Three-toed Woodpecker
  • Black-backed Woodpecker
  • Downy Woodpecker
  • Hairy Woodpecker
  • White-headed Woodpecker
  • Northern Flicker
  • Pileated Woodpecker
  • Crested Caracara
  • Eurasian Kestrel
  • American Kestrel
  • Merlin
  • Eurasian Hobby
  • Gyrfalcon
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Prairie Falcon
  • Dusky-capped Flycatcher
  • Ash-throated Flycatcher
  • Variegated Flycatcher
  • Tropical Kingbird
  • Western Kingbird
  • Eastern Kingbird
  • Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
  • Fork-tailed Flycatcher
  • Olive-sided Flycatcher
  • Greater Pewee (s)
  • Western Wood-Pewee
  • Eastern Wood-Pewee
  • Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
  • Alder Flycatcher
  • Willow Flycatcher
  • Least Flycatcher
  • Hammond’s Flycatcher
  • Gray Flycatcher
  • Dusky Flycatcher
  • Pacific-slope Flycatcher
  • Black Phoebe
  • Eastern Phoebe
  • Say’s Phoebe
  • Vermilion Flycatcher
  • Loggerhead Shrike
  • Northern Shrike
  • White-eyed Vireo (s)
  • Bell’s Vireo
  • Hutton’s Vireo
  • Yellow-throated Vireo
  • Cassin’s Vireo
  • Blue-headed Vireo
  • Philadelphia Vireo (s)
  • Warbling Vireo
  • Red-eyed Vireo
  • Canada Jay
  • Pinyon Jay (1967)
  • Steller’s Jay
  • Blue Jay
  • California Scrub-Jay
  • Woodhouse’s Scrub-Jay
  • Clark’s Nutcracker
  • Black-billed Magpie
  • American Crow
  • Northwestern Crow
  • Common Raven
  • Eurasian Skylark (I)
  • Horned Lark
  • Purple Martin
  • Tree Swallow
  • Violet-green Swallow
  • N. Rough-winged Swallow
  • Bank Swallow
  • Cliff Swallow
  • Barn Swallow
  • Black-capped Chickadee
  • Mountain Chickadee
  • Chestnut-backed Chickadee
  • Boreal Chickadee
  • Bushtit
  • Red-breasted Nuthatch
  • White-breasted Nuthatch
  • Pygmy Nuthatch
  • Brown Creeper
  • Rock Wren
  • Canyon Wren
  • House Wren
  • Pacific Wren
  • Marsh Wren
  • Bewick’s Wren
  • Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
  • American Dipper
  • Golden-crowned Kinglet
  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet
  • Red-flanked Bluetail
  • Northern Wheatear
  • Western Bluebird
  • Mountain Bluebird
  • Townsend’s Solitaire
  • Veery
  • Swainson’s Thrush
  • Hermit Thrush
  • Dusky Thrush (s)
  • Redwing
  • American Robin
  • Varied Thrush
  • Gray Catbird
  • Brown Thrasher
  • Sage Thrasher
  • Northern Mockingbird
  • European Starling (I)
  • Bohemian Waxwing
  • Cedar Waxwing
  • Phainopepla (s)
  • Siberian Accentor
  • House Sparrow (I)
  • Eastern Yellow Wagtail
  • Gray Wagtail
  • White Wagtail
  • Red-throated Pipit (s)
  • American Pipit
  • Brambling
  • Evening Grosbeak
  • Pine Grosbeak
  • Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch
  • House Finch
  • Purple Finch
  • Cassin’s Finch
  • Common Redpoll
  • Hoary Redpoll
  • Red Crossbill
  • White-winged Crossbill
  • Pine Siskin
  • Lesser Goldfinch
  • Lawrence’s Goldfinch
  • American Goldfinch
  • Lapland Longspur
  • Chestnut-collared Longspur
  • Smith’s Longspur
  • McCown’s Longspur (s)
  • Snow Bunting
  • McKay’s Bunting
  • Little Bunting
  • Rustic Bunting
  • Green-tailed Towhee
  • Spotted Towhee
  • American Tree Sparrow
  • Chipping Sparrow
  • Clay-colored Sparrow
  • Brewer’s Sparrow
  • Field Sparrow
  • Vesper Sparrow
  • Lark Sparrow
  • Black-throated Sparrow
  • Sagebrush Sparrow
  • Lark Bunting
  • Savannah Sparrow
  • Grasshopper Sparrow
  • LeConte’s Sparrow
  • Nelson’s Sparrow (s)
  • Fox Sparrow
  • Song Sparrow
  • Lincoln’s Sparrow
  • Swamp Sparrow
  • White-throated Sparrow
  • Harris’s Sparrow
  • White-crowned Sparrow
  • Golden-crowned Sparrow
  • Dark-eyed Junco
  • Yellow-breasted Chat
  • Yellow-headed Blackbird
  • Bobolink
  • Eastern Meadowlark
  • Western Meadowlark
  • Orchard Oriole
  • Hooded Oriole
  • Bullock’s Oriole
  • Baltimore Oriole
  • Scott’s Oriole
  • Red-winged Blackbird
  • Tricolored Blackbird
  • Brown-headed Cowbird
  • Rusty Blackbird
  • Brewer’s Blackbird
  • Common Grackle
  • Great-tailed Grackle
  • Ovenbird
  • Northern Waterthrush
  • Golden-winged Warbler
  • Blue-winged Warbler
  • Black-and-white Warbler
  • Prothonotary Warbler
  • Tennessee Warbler
  • Orange-crowned Warbler
  • Lucy’s Warbler
  • Nashville Warbler
  • MacGillivray’s Warbler
  • Mourning Warbler (s)
  • Kentucky Warbler (s)
  • Common Yellowthroat
  • Hooded Warbler
  • American Redstart
  • Cape May Warbler
  • Northern Parula
  • Magnolia Warbler
  • Bay-breasted Warbler
  • Blackburnian Warbler
  • Yellow Warbler
  • Chestnut-sided Warbler
  • Blackpoll Warbler
  • Black-throated Blue Warbler
  • Palm Warbler
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler
  • Yellow-throated Warbler
  • Prairie Warbler
  • Black-throated Gray Warbler
  • Townsend’s Warbler
  • Hermit Warbler
  • Black-throated Green Warbler
  • Canada Warbler
  • Wilson’s Warbler
  • Painted Redstart
  • Summer Tanager
  • Western Tanager
  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak
  • Black-headed Grosbeak
  • Blue Grosbeak
  • Lazuli Bunting
  • Indigo Bunting
  • Painted Bunting
  • Dickcissel

Glaucous-winged Gull and Western Gull freely interbreed where their ranges overlap in the state, and hybrids breed widely along the entire coast. The status of Northwestern and American Crow in the state are greatly complicated by difficulties of identification and questions regarding their taxonomy. Townsend’s Warbler and Hermit Warbler hybridize freely where their breeding ranges overlap in Washington. Cordilleran Flycatcher may occur in extreme southeastern Washington, but evidence of hybridization with Pacific-slope Flycatcher and the lack of genetic studies for Washington populations have so far prevented the Committee from accepting this species for the state list.

Names and taxonomic arrangement follow the American Ornithologists’ Union Checklist (7th ed., 1998) and supplements (2000-2018).